Cyber Security? Everything You Need to Know

What is Cyber Security”, may be simply defined as the security procedures for safeguarding computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and information from malicious attacks. It's also referred to as cyber or electronic info security.

Cyber Security? Everything You Need to Know

The advent of the World Wide Web and our growing dependence on the internet for simple to complex tasks has given rise to securing the information being transferred online, hence the need for a framework that checks and ascertains security while we securely conduct our transactions on the internet, therefore, the need of Cyber Security. “ What is Cyber Security”, may be simply defined as the security procedures for safeguarding computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and information from malicious attacks. It's also referred to as cyber or electronic info security. The term applies to many types of environments, from business to mobile computing, and may be divided into several familiar classifications.

Cybercriminals may use a variety of methods to target individuals or companies, including gaining access to, modifying, or deleting sensitive data, extorting money, or disrupting business processes.

The section below discusses about types and cyber security facts.

Information technology: refers to the safeguarding of data in both its storage and transmission over a network. IT protection protects both digital and physical data from intruders, while cyber security only protects digital data.

IT(Cyber) security: requires cyber security as a subset. Unauthorized access, attack, and destruction of digital data on your networks, computers, and devices are all protected by cyber security. IT security protects both physical and digital data, cyber security protects the digital data on your networks, computers, and devices from security breaches, cyber attack, and damage.

Cyber Security: A branch of cyber security is network security, also known as computer security. This form of protection employs both hardware and software to safeguard any data transmitted to the network through your computer and other devices. Network protection protects the IT infrastructure by preventing data from being intercepted, altered, or stolen by cybercriminals.

Types of Cyber Security It's important to grasp the various forms of cyber security in order to be better secured. Critical infrastructure protection, network security, application security, information security, cloud security, data loss prevention, and end-user education are some of the subjects covered.

  • Network securityenables us to protect our computer networks and maintain critical infrastructure security form external attacks.
  • Critical infrastructure security: Cyber-physical systems such as the power grid and water purification systems are part of critical infrastructure protection.
  • Application security focuses on keeping software packages and devices freed from threats.
  • Information security protects the integrity and privacy of data while storage and while transfer.
  • Cloud Security: is a application-based tool that protects and tracks your data in the cloud, helping you to avoid the risks of on-premises attacks.
  • Operational securityincludes the processes and permissions for handling and protecting information assets while being accessed over a network.
  • Disaster recovery and business continuity are procedures and actions put together to re-establish complete functionality after a critical cyber security event.
  • End-user educationaddresses the concern of unpredictable cyber-security failure i.e. in the event that a user introduces a virus as a result of failing to obey good practises such as avoiding USB/storage device attachments or uploading unverified attachments via email, etc.

There are many types of Cyber threats: There are three main categories. Attacks on confidentiality, honesty, and availability.

Attacks on confidentiality: These attacks may be designed to steal your personal identifying information, as well as information about your bank account or credit card. Your information can be sold or exchanged on the dark web for others to buy and use as a result of these attacks.

Attacks on integrity: These attacks are also referred to as leaks, and they consist of personal or corporate sabotage. A cybercriminal may gain access to and leak confidential information in order to reveal the information and cause the public to lose confidence in an individual or organisation.

Attacks on availability: These attacks are also referred to as leaks, and they consist of personal or corporate sabotage. A cybercriminal may gain access to and leak confidential information in order to reveal the information and cause the public to lose confidence in an individual or organisation.

Others threats include: Malware, Virus, Trojan, Spyware, Adware, Ransom ware & Botnets

 Here are a few tips how businesses and individuals can shield themselves from Cyber attacks.

  • Keep your system software updated with latest released security patches.
  • Using a good antivirus software
  • It always good to have strong passwords
  • Avoid opening mails or clicking on links in mails from unknown senders
  • Avoid using public, free, unsecure Wi-Fi

To summarize Cyber Security, an effective cyber security policy will provide a good protection posture against malicious attacks aimed at gaining access to, modifying, removing, damaging, or extorting confidential data from an organization's or user's systems. Cyber security is also important in preventing attacks that attempt to disable or interrupt the functionality of a system, computer or business.